Iron Age Bullae from Officialdom’s Periphery: Khirbet Summeily in Broader Context

Posted in: Ancient Near East Today, Near Eastern Archaeology
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02000By: James W. Hardin, Christopher A. Rollston, and Jeffrey A. Blakely Khirbet Summeily is located about 22 kilometers east of Gaza and about 4 kilometers west of Tell el-Hesi, on the ancient road connecting Gaza with Hebron. To the east is the heartland of Judah and to the west is the heartland of Philistia. Summeily lies in the borderland, a small site only slightly larger than one acre. The major reason for excavating Summeily was to understand the nature and function of a small, rural Iron Age site in a border region. Neighboring Tell el-Hesi had been extensively excavated, first by Sir Flinders Petrie and Frederick Jones Bliss between 1890 and 1892, and then by the Joint Archaeological Expedition to Tell el-Hesi between 1970 and 1983. Much was known about its substantial architectural remains of the Late Bronze Age, Iron Age I and Iron Age II but little about its smaller neighbors. The Hesi Regional Project began excavation at Summeily in 2011 with a consortium consisting of Mississippi State University, the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and Purchase College SUNY. Khirbet Summeily at the end of excavations in July 2014. Violet dots mark the findspots of bullae found in Phase 5 or in sub-floor foundation deposits of Phase 4. Green dots mark the findspots of bullae in later phases. North is generally

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