Near Eastern Archaeology Vol. 79, No. 4, December 2016 article, “A Clay Bread Stamp from Khirbet et-Tireh,” by Salah H. Al-Houdalieh (Al-Quds University).
The clay bread stamp presented here was found at in a monastic complex dating to the Late Byzantine-Early Islamic period at Khirbet et-Tireh, approximately 16 km northwest of Jerusalem. The stamp, which consists of a cross and other simple geometrics, is of fired clay and is notable both for its workmanship and for surviving almost completely intact. Based on the monastic context of the find, plus the stamp’s relatively small size, it was probably used to decorate small individual loaves, perhaps as sacramental bread.