Near Eastern Archaeology Vol. 79, No. 4, December 2016 article, “You Have Entered Joppa”: 3D Modeling of Jaffa’s New Kingdom Egyptian Gate,” by Jeremy I. Williams (University of California) and Aaron A. Burke (University of California).
From 2011 to 2014, the Jaffa Cultural Heritage Project excavated several phases of an Egyptian New Kingdom gate complex located in Jaffa, Israel. Excavations in 2013 revealed extensive remains of the Level IVB/Phase RG-4a gate, which was destroyed in a major conflagration ca. 1135 B.C.E. In 2015, work began on a digital reconstruction of the gate’s architecture and its environs. This reconstruction sheds new light on the gate complex and the interrelationships between its many architectural elements. The process has led to some suggestions as to how the extant remains might be reconstructed, but also illustrates how much has been lost and that such reconstructions are inherently dependent on excavated remains from other, sometimes quite distant, sites.